Monday, May 20, 2013

The good, the bad.... and the unbelievable!


While at the Accra Global Shapers meeting earlier tonight, the idea of doing things everyday and now to create impact came up. I remembered the #IMGBT - "I Made Ghana Better Today" campaign. I haven't given it the push it deserves, partly because I am yet to figure out how to sustain it. Best believe, it will get the needed push soon. Better late than never. Anyway, after the meeting, I headed home thinking - "It's been a while since I gave free rides to people". So I resorted to stop somewhere on the way and pick some passengers as I was heading towards the old Shangri-La Hotel. Don't mind what is there now, that place will forever be Shangri-La to me. I have great memories of it. Tonight, another memory was born :-)

I missed stopping at Spanner junction but stopped at the Shaishie junction (the bend into East Legon). I asked a gentleman I had stopped by, "Worekɔ American House?" He was going towards American House. He took the passenger seat and after calling out to a few bystanders, an older gentleman took the back seat. I would normally wait to fill the car before I moved but no one was forthcoming. And there were no ladies too. Hmm. So off we went, not taking Lagos Avenue, but taking Shiashie Road. "I am trying to dodge the police check point", I told them. I started using some lungulungus which must have alerted my passengers. "I like to take the road without ramps". "Ahhh, ooookayy" they must have wondered. There is a little stop we had to make on the way, details of which I shall not mention but ultimately might prove very important in the near future.

The gentleman in the passenger seat alighted close to Ghana Link. I continued on, striking a conversation with the old man. I told him why I picked him up (especially) this night. "I used to do the same as well". Wow, so I had picked another man who also likes to give free rides. "I don't like driving alone. Even sometimes when I take taxis, I will pick up people too". Now that's another person who wishes to make Ghana better every day. :-D He talked about how his loved ones told him to stop, because he might pick up a dangerous man one day. I remembered when my own loved ones told me the same. I have taken measures to be safe about this though. We talked about a couple more things and he alighted whereby I turned back to go to my destination.

When I arrived at my destination, the same place I am now typing this blog post up, I reached to pick my bag from the back seat. Guess what I saw! You wouldn't believe it! A car key! The old man had left his car key in my car. Normally, I would take the numbers of some people I picked up, but I hadn't taken his contact.

I went back to American House, hoping I would see him standing by the roadside looking for another car. I walked by all taxi and trotro stops and couldn't see him. I struck up two chats with separate taxi drivers. The first guy thought it was a house key. "He might just break down his door and forget about the keys". The second guy looked closer and realised it was a Toyota car key. Now, I really needed to get this key to this man. But why would he have his car key but be taking public transport? I wondered. Cos if I was not using my car and it was with the mechanic, my mechanic would have the key. What if he was going to pick his car up from some place and then go home?

How do you know the key is for the old man? Well, who else has sat in the backseat of my car these last few days? Other than this old man, people I know, who could have called me to inquire. This old man doesn't have my number o! How are we going to get the key back to him? I didn't tell him the name of my blog. I only told him my first name was Ato. A Fante.



I guess, I am going to have to announce this on radio. Help me find this man. I've never needed to write a blog post soon enough. I am sure he might take to radio himself. I doubt he will take to Twitter or Facebook. We were all listening to YFM. Would he have known that was the station? I can't bet on that. I have to pick up someone so I have to end this blog post here. I am hoping there are no more unbelievable bad surprises for tonight.

Being on the #WEFAfrica Forward Leadership panel

It was extremely cool to be a panelist at the prestiguous World Economic Forum event on Africa this year. This was my first WEF as well and this event brings together many dignitaries and industry leaders from all the world. Below is some information about the Forward Leadership panel itself - synopsis, speakers and moderator.


Forward Leadership

How are the aspirations of Africa's future leaders being integrated into business, government and civil society?
Dimensions to be addressed:
  • Understanding shifting dynamics of peer groups and value trends influencing youth
  • Overcoming stereotypes about youth
  • Elevating young people into leadership roles
  • Sharing experiences across national, linguistic and generational boundaries

Speakers:

Moderated by:

Here are a few tweets around the panel. I didn't sleep much in South Africa so I posted a relevant #233moments tweet before the panel.





You can see a short summary of the conversations that transpired at this link -

From the synopsis, you could see I talked about failure. I mentioned the theme of Barcamp Accra 2012 - "Removing the fear of failure as a start of success" due to a question that arose. I spoke a lot about the work of the GhanaThink Foundation. I touched a lot of positive things happening in Ghana amongst the youth and how the GhanaThink Foundation is driving and promoting more of that via the Barcamps we've been organizing. Read about the #Morevim Movement here.

Here are some pictures as well.



Reviewing Nairobi Half-Life (Kenyan movie)

Before I get into this blog post proper, let me declare that South African Airways is my favorite airline. I really looked forward to flying it earlier this month from Accra to Johannesburg because I expected to watch some great African movies. This time, I got to watch the much acclaimed Nairobi Half-Life. Relelased in 2012, Nairobi Half-Life was directed by David Tosh Gitonga and features many rather unknown actors and actresses like Joseph Wairimu, Olwenya Maina and Nancy Wanjiku Karanja. I knew I wanted to blog about and review the movie once I began to watch it and took some notes. I loved the movie and would recommend it as a collectible. It's been billed as the most successful Kenyan movie ever.

Sometimes, great movies give birth to great actors. In many places like Ghana, good actors sell good or not so good movies. The notion that you always need bankable actors and actresses to produce successful movies is not always true. This movie was the very first Kenyan submission for the Best Foreign Language Oscar category. Popular Mzansi movie, Tsotsi, was the first African movie to win that Oscar category. Nairobi Half-Life is cast in the Tsotsi mould, it's real, riveting, unapologetic with great performances by the cast and a gripping story with an unlikely romance between Joseph and nancy's character like we saw for those that Presley and Terry Pheto played in Tsotsi.

Interestingly, the main character played by Joseph was called Mwangi, Mwas for short. Now, this is significant because there are so many Kenyans with the last name Mwangi. But more importantly, Mwangi is the last name of my Kenyan alter-ego :-) When Mwangi decided to pursue his dream of becoming an actor in Nairobi, his father wasn't as supportive as his mother. Mothers are so supportive, she advised him about Nairobi dangers but even then gave her son money to go on his journey. I remember when a couple of Kenyan friends visited Accra and while we were hanging out, talked about people walked around so freely. After seeing someone get robbed in broad day light in front of everyone in this movie, I could now bear what they were saying. I had walked around Nairobi a number of times and never felt unsafe. The film showed the aggression and guts some Kenyans have, even when it came to things like crime.

There was one interesting scene which had Mwangi cleaning 'shit' in a prison. I wondered, "How do you say shit in Swahili?" Shortly after, Mwangi said "Fuck" after he vomitted. And then said "Shit" after. Telling scene. "I need a life. We don't sell lives here". Nairobi-city is all about the hustle and bustle for many. Mwangi turned to stealing to provide his daily bread. He wanted and needed a life of acting but that wouldn't sell. Must have struck him to be stealing when the Indian man at Khanji Electronics had declared his ilk as such, "All you Kikuyus are thieves!" The movie also allowed me to test my Swahili a bit. A 'Tunakuja' line was subtitled as "I'm on my way" which is not correct. It should be "We are coming". Tunakuja is not exactly Sheng. Poa is. It was nice to pick that out. Loved how often the word "Jamaa" was also thrown around. It means Dude or Chale as used in Ghana.

Some chemistry developed between Mwangi and the Amina character who was a prostitute. This exchange between her and Mwangi were a couple of great lines. "How many people have you robbed to get those clothes? As many people as you've fucked." Later in the movie, we are introduced to the Kenya Cinema Plaza. Going to the movies in Kenya seems to be a popular aspirational recreational activity in Nairobi as Mwangi and Amina chose that for their first date. "Have you ever seen a real movie?" Their lives, as a thief and a prostitute made for dramatic movie material. When Mwangi first visited the brothel to see his buddy Oti, a sex worker told him. "Dont worry about money. Touching is free, if you come, you pay eh?". It's a hard-knock life.

We didn't find out which Kenyan actor Mwangi wanted to be like but we did find out that another character, Mose, wanted to be a star like Kidum. Never mind that Kidum is a popular singer in Kenya who's actually from Burundi. Who are the top and famous Kenyan actors? I can think of a few but they don't have the star power as Nameless, Jua Cali and co. The Kenyan movie industry is behind its music counterpart. The auditions in the movie seemed heavily subscribed as if to say there is major interest in acting in Kenya. I noticed one other guy at the audition was wearing a Syracuse shirt (this is why it's significant). "That guy has something. What? Are you serious? That guy is not an actor. That's why I like him". The best actors have a little something extra and stand out.

I really appreciated the director using Just A Band's Makmende on the soundtrack. It's great to marry great popular music with acclaimed films. Makmende is a fictional Kenyan super hero. The song was played as Mwangi and his friends were taking off car parts. That's not something super heroes should do but the song might have been chosen due to this line - "Evacuate the area". Mwangi and co had to evacuate the area of the crime scene as fast as they could. Nairobbery. "We're broke. We haven't had a job in ages". Depending on who you talk to, criminals are not unemployed.

Mwangi and his crew were doing small time crimes. Mwangi became more of a leader amongst them and then suggested doing bigger crimes. "We've never carjacked anyone before. Thats why we've never made 100,000". Next, they carjacked a taxi, and followed another car into a Nairobi nouveau-riche neighbourhood n jacked that one too. When Mwangi had more money, he was taking Amina out to lunch. Now is that more expensive than going to the movies? I want to go to a movie theatre in Nairobi some day. Or even the National Theatre where the auditions were happening. I saw a shot of Starehe district hospital. When I watch movies set in places I have been to, I try to gauge if I will recognise places I know. I haven't been to this hospital but I am fully aware of the name Starehe, it bears the same name as a popular high school in Kenya that some of my friends have been too.

"Your dad's reality n my dad's reality is not our reality". As we know from Nairobi Half-Life, Mwangi found an opportunity to act. He was making a life for himself, keen not to resort to alcohol and keen to get away from Nairobbery. The final few lines were poignant. "We've come to remind you of our existence. The question is have we chosen to live our life or have we taken it for granted. It is yo ur choice. To look or to look away". The reality is that crime exists in many African cities and it doubles as the livelihood for many. When I was pickpocketed earlier this year, my major thought aside getting my belongings back were around how I could help stop crime. Crime should not become a half-life for any young person in Africa. This particular reality should not be the reality for those coming.

Watch the Trailer here

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Tweeting the Facing Africa's Future plenary at #WEFAfrica

In delivering on Africa's Promise, Africa needs an aspirational and inspirational set of youth. The closing plenary for the World Economic Forum event on Africa focused on young people. There were a lot of younger attendees at the event, many of which were like me, Global Shapers. There were also the relatively older set of attendees, many of whom were Young Global Leaders. It was befitting that the closing plenary for the event featured younger panelists, 3 of which were Global Shapers. It was dubbed "Facing Africa's Future Significant challenges to Africa's resilience".

The panelists were Martyn Davies, Chief Executive Officer, Frontier Advisory, South Africa; Young Global Leader; Global Agenda Council on China Anne Githuku-Shongwe, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Afroes Transformational Games, South Africa; as well as Global Shapers Aminata Niang, Manager, Marketing and Sales, Tambaroua Business Farming, Mali; Rapelang Rabana, Founder, ReKindle Learning, South Africa and Younes Slaoui, Consultant, Strategy and Development, Attijariwafa Bank, Morocco. The session was moderated and chaired by Eric Kacou, Co-Founder, Entrepreneurial Solutions Partners (ESPartners), USA; Young Global Leader; Global Agenda Council on Fostering Entrepreneurship.

Here are some tweets I saved from the plenary














Watch it all here -


Tweeting the Africa's Value Context session at #WEFAfrica

I am having too much fun tweetifying stories as you can see from my few past blog posts. Storify is such a good idea too I tell you. :-) Change is constant, positive change is good. When I saw Hannah Tetteh's name on one of the panels at the World Economic Forum on Africa, I saw this as an opportunity to meet her for the first time. Yes o, I had never met her. It took me coming to Cape Town to meet her. That said, I also met former president John Kufuor and current Vice-President Kwesi Amissah-Arthur for the first time. The long chat I had with Hannah and short interactions I had with J.A.K and Uncle Kwesi were interesting to say the least. I might blog about it in the future.

The session Hannah was in also featured a friend (a fellow African Global Shaper) I had made while in Cape Town. Some other African Global Shapers had told me earlier they'd met Ghana's current Minister of Foreign Affairs (and Regional Integration of Ghana) and that she was a lady. I had no idea who she was. I don't pay much attention to politics in Ghana, which really is the news on radio and TV that is. She was on a panel with the King of Swaziland, His Majesty King Mswati III, Cardinal and Roman Catholic Archbishop of Abuja, Nigeria’s John Onalyekan, Executive Chairman and CEO of Basetsana Woman Investment Holdings in South Africa, Basetsana Khumalo and Creative Director of Amateur Heads Media in Nigeria, Ishaya Bako. It was moderated by the founder and Executive Chair of the Mandela Institute for Development Studies (MINDS) Nkosana D. Moyo. I had met Mr. Moyo before when he attended the Stanford Africa (Business) Forum once. The subject was "Africa’s Values Context, which looked into the relevance of tradition with modernity".

I captured a few tweets there too.










I also asked a question during the session about how we could implement values, ethics and integrity in our public institutions. I pointed out that Ashesi University had been able to do so and was a great case from the private sector. I don't remember getting a great answer other than it's harder to do this via public institutions.
The session itself would be remembered mostly for comments about how Swazi people do not want 'change' and arguably like the monarchy that exists in Swaziland. The press picked that up

Tweeting "Africa 2063: From Fragility to Stability" at #WEFAfrica

After having South African president Jacob Zuma on the opening plenary on 9th May, Kenya's new president Uhuru Kenyatta joined the morning plenary on 10th May. The session discussed how African economies can transform over the next 50 years and how political and geopolitical tensions in the region will be managed. In essence -> Africa 2063: From Fragility to Stability. President Uhuru Kenyatta was joined on the panel by Bineta Diop the Chair of the Executive Board, Femmes Africa Solidarité, Switzerland, Frannie Léautier who is Executive Secretary, The African Capacity Building Foundation, Zimbabwe, Arif M. Naqvi the Founder and Group Chief Executive, The Abraaj Group, United Arab Emirates and Abdelkader Bensalah the President, Council of the Nation, Algeria. The session was chaired by Børge Brende Managing Director and Member of the Managing Board, World Economic Forum.

As usual, I was tweeting away. Here are some tweets I sent in, together with some others I saved.











Here's an article on the World Economic Forum website about the panel. You can watch the whole session here.



Tweeting the #WEFAfrica Made In Africa session

I am a big proponent of Made in Ghana and Made in Africa products. So when I saw the "Made in Africa" panel session at the World Economic Forum event on Africa, I was interested in attending it. Seeing Anant Singh on the panel had me sold. Joining Singh in the session were Xavier-Luc Duval (Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Finance and Economic Development, Mauritius), Jubril Adewale Tinubu (GCEO, Oando Plc), Rich Lesser (global CE and president, The Boston Consulting Group) and Tabitha M. Karanja (CE, Keroche Breweries Ltd). It was moderated by Robyn Curnow (CNN Africa correspondent) and the session was broadcast on CNN. I had been in a session with Wale Tinubu earlier that week where I learnt a lot. See the blog post here.

One thing I always do when I am in South Africa is look to buy the latest local movies that are great. Anant Singh has been directing and producing a bunch of them. Amongst his work include Sarafina, Cry, The Beloved Country, Yesterday, Jozi, Shooting Bokkie and the upcoming Mandela: The Long Walk to Freedom. Funny thing is, everytime I saw Anant Singh's name while watching a movie, I thought of him as an Indian. Seeing him speak on this panel about the local (Mzansi) movie industry made me realize he's really South African. And then again, via Trevor Noah, I had learnt that Durban has the most number of Indians outside in India. I am not going to believe that till I visit Durban and see it myself and dance to the house hits under an Afrotainment haven.

Either way, here are some tweets from myself and others that captured the session




















You can watch the full session here



Tweeting the #WEFAfrica Opening Plenary on BRICS

The World Economic Forum event on Africa for 2013 took place at the Cape Town International Conference Centre. The theme was “Delivering on Africa’s Promise”. I attended it and joined the opening plenary which kick-started event though there had been panels and sessions earlier that day (May 9th) and the day before. I was a panelist in one session earlier that morning about Forward Leadership.

The opening plenary session was dubbed "Building with BRICS: How will collaboration with the BRICS empower Africa to deliver on its promise?". It featured WEF chair Klaus Schwab as moderator, South Africa's President Jacob Zuma, IMF first deputy managing director David Lipton, African Union chair Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, Jindal Steel and Power chair Naveen Jindal, and AfDB president Donald Kaberuka as panelists. Below are some tweets I captured ---



















tweeting dey be keke!
The major takeaway from this session in my opinion was the need for African integration. Many of the other messages, we've heard already. South Africa, as a member of  BRICS, is obviously a leader on the African continent. It needs to do more to support infrastructure on the continent and becoming a market for other African countries. You can watch the whole plenary here -
#leggo

PS: So Siyabonga saw his president in person for the first time at the World Economic Forum. Who's Siyabonga? Stay tuned.

Saturday, May 18, 2013

The Day I Met Lira - arguably the best African songstress

I don't remember who first introduced me to Lira's music. Maybe, I introduced myself to it while getting content for Museke.com. I do know that I've been a fan of her and her music from day one. I also remember my bestie Phelele used to talk about how beautiful Lira was. Real African music connoisseurs would say the same about her music. Through dealing with various artistes as part of Museke, I got to know Lira better and even interviewed her. It was a Q&A (online) one, I didn't meet her in person. Last week, I did meet her in person for the first time. How that happened is a story I wish to tell. :-)

Two of the 4 CDs I normally play in the #vimride are Lira CDs. The Return to Love album and the Celebration Concert album. My favorite Lira song used to be "Wa Mpaleha" but after a steady dose of listening to her music, it's been replaced by "Ngiyazifela". I sometimes put the song on repeat 27 times straight. (I used 27 because South Africa's country code is +27 :-D) I especially love the Concert album, it's a live recording of a concert Lira had, so you can enjoy her melodies, the band's music and the crowd's manifestations. I wondered when I would finally get the chance to see Lira perform and meet her.

Before I traveled to South Africa to attend the World Economic Forum amongst other things, I emailed my friends and network in South Africa to gauge when and if we could meet as I was going to be there a whole week. I emailed Lira as well. I wanted to meet her in person, for lunch, dinner, something and talk about her music career, etc. She finally responded saying she wasn't going to be in Johannesburg the days I would be there and that she would be there at the South African Music Awards. I hadn't thought of going to the SAMAs but once I realized that was the only chance for me to meet Lira, I started looking for tickets. I talked to various people I knew in the South African music industry but unfortunately the tickets were sold out. I was prepared to go to Sun City (in Rustenburg), 2.5 hours drive from Joburg to attend this and stay there overnight with my friend Eyram. I eventually got the promise of a ticket from Alex of MTVBase (yeap) but I decided not to attend the SAMAs because of hotel room availability and a renewed wish to spend as much time in Joburg.

So I would have to meet Lira some other day. I had told Lira I would be attending the World Economic Forum event on Africa in Cape Town. I knew Yvonne Chaka Chaka would be there. Lira did tell me she'd be there but would be in and out. I only read the email properly a couple days ago and missed seeing that before I was in South Africa. I was enjoying #WEFAfrica very much, meeting famous Africans, including Yvonne Chaka Chaka herself, and having a long conversation with her on Thursday, May 9th. Later that day, there was a cultural soiree hosted by the South African government for the #WEFAfrica attendees. I attended it late because I was meeting a cousin of mine for the first time and one I didn't even know until this month. When I arrived at the soiree and was doing a walk of honour greeting the attendees, one of my fellow African Global Shapers was trying to tell me what I had missed. "Alicia Keys, Yvonne Chaka Chaka and Justin Bieber have already perfomed", Elvis said. I could believe the Princess of African Music bit. Justin Bieber was in Cape Town that day but since I missed seeing 2727 screaming female beliebers outside the Cape Town International Convention Centre, there was no way I was gonna be a believer of Justin Bieber performing for these African dignitaries and more. Justin Bieber was cause for more traffic in the Mother City than the heads of state of the Mother Continent. Alicia Keys? Brother please! No way on table mountain was she in town.

I finally found a table to join and some food to eat. While having a serious conversation with Bousso from Dakar, the emcee for the soiree was welcoming Lira to the stage. Thinking about that again makes me well up right now. I couldn't believe my ears. What was she doing in Cape Town? Is this really happening? Am I going to meet Lira tonight? Am I going to meet Siyabonga's crush? Ayobanesss! Lekker neh? Lira (Lerato) Kohl (nee Molapo) was on stage performing all the tracks. Eventually, I hit the dance floor and before I could show my dance moves, I was taking pictures of the star that was shining so brightly. Can you believe she started doing some 2-by-7 azonto? I broke into my own azonto moves, validating my Ghanaianness and stole the dance floor for a few minutes.

After her performance, I introduced myself and she remembered me. I wouldn't say I was surprised by that, Lira and I go way back lol. I took some photos with her and bought a DVD and a CD - The Captured Tour. 150 Rand ( +$16) worth. She signed the DVD for me and we took many pictures together. When some of my fellow African Global Shapers said they didn't believe I knew Lira (most of them didn't know she was unfortunately), I asked Lira to tell them what my name was. "Oh, this is Ato!". Verification. :-) Let's also say that after meeting Lira that night, I killed off all ideas of attending the SAMAs :-)

I don't know why I didn't know what her name Lerato meant, but I found out that night because one of the Global Shapers was called Lorato. Turns out Lerato means "love" in Sesotho while Lorato means "love" in Setswana. Lovely! You can tell am captivated by Lira's music and love it very much. I was captured in 2008. This weekend, I started listening to the Captured Tour CD. You should go grab a copy, it's a heavenly celebration of music. Like I kept and keep telling all who would hear, Lira is the new and present Miriam Makeba. She rocks!
The following Sunday, I was at Eyram's house watching the SAMAs as once planned. It looked like a great show but I wasn't disappointed I wasn't attending. After all, I had seen Lira perform earlier. And here she was performing again at the SAMAs like she said she would. Causing me to tweet this ;-)

PS: You should check out Phakade (lyrics translations), Believer and Feel Good. I also love her rendition of 'Something Inside So Strong' sung by Nelson Mandela as well as her special birthday song for Madiba.

While watching & listening to Ilizwi, I appreciated Mzansi's musical voice(s)

After a successful couple of days of the SHAPE Africa conference, various Global Shapers attended a jazz musical concert at the Nedbank Auditorium in Cape Town. I was hoping to see a famous South African musician perform. Yvonne Chaka Chaka was there. No, she didn't perform, she was in the audience like us. She's also a member of the World Economic Forum. We were all attending Ilizwi, a musical. South Africans are such great singers and I always said that I wanted to find myself singing in the streets of Soweto with people one day. I'd be dancing the gumboot dance in addition.

Ilizwi is a musical production by the Casterbridge Music Development Academy. It's directed by Vuyo Jack and Ingrid Wylde. Learn more about Ilizwi here. Ilizwi means "voice" in Xhosa. The musical told a great story and found a way to incorporate many popular South African classic (songs). Here are a few tweets I posted to capture what was happening













I met Yvonne Chaka Chaka briefly and had some conversations with her. I met her later at the World Economic Forum and we had a great conversation. I have a special blog post dedicated to her coming. There was a young girl who played a character of an older woman and her musical range was phenomenal. When most of us in the audience discovered she was under 18, we couldn't believe it. Many of the singers will be like Yvonne Chaka Chaka one day. South African just seems to churn them out all the time.

Wednesday, May 8, 2013

WEF founder, Prof Schwab, breaks down good traits of a leader using Nelson Mandela

Earlier today, many Global Shapers in Africa had the pleasure of sitting down with Professor Klaus Martin Schwab, the founder of the World Economic Forum. He himself has really championed this Global Shapers community, a community of young people with demonstrated potential and excellence who are committed to changing and shaping the state of the world. I wanted to share a few soundbites from the session. For me, the biggest was his 'raving' about Nelson Mandela.

I asked him a question about "how he would compare the youth of today to the youth of decades past" since the World Economic Forum has been existence more than 40 years. In answering the question, he went into stories of how WEF was involved in the birth of a new South Africa. He mentioned how he invited Nelson Mandela, Thabo Mbeki and De Klerk to Geneva when Madiba was released from prison and forged conversations and relationships around trust, and reconciliation. He ended up saying that no leader has impressed him as much as Nelson Mandela. I would really love to meet Madiba in person. He's quite frail now but he keeps on going. Easily the greatest leader we have known.

Prof Schwab did answer my question, partly though. More importantly, he shared about youth of today are more sophisticated, with a wide range of knowledge. Credit that to technology and internet. Here's what else we learnt today

Prof Schwab then talked about the 4 traits of good leaders, something that he said Madiba has demonstrated very well.

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